𝟏. 𝐂𝐞𝐫𝐯𝐢𝐜𝐚𝐥 𝐜𝐚𝐧𝐜𝐞𝐫 𝐢𝐬 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐟𝐨𝐮𝐫𝐭𝐡 𝐦𝐨𝐬𝐭 𝐜𝐨𝐦𝐦𝐨𝐧 𝐜𝐚𝐧𝐜𝐞𝐫 𝐚𝐦𝐨𝐧𝐠 𝐰𝐨𝐦𝐞𝐧 𝐠𝐥𝐨𝐛𝐚𝐥𝐥𝐲.
𝟐. 𝐇𝐏𝐕 𝐢𝐧𝐟𝐞𝐜𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧𝐬 𝐜𝐚𝐧 𝐜𝐚𝐮𝐬𝐞:
• Cervical, vaginal, and vulvar cancers (in women)
• Penile cancer (in men)
• Anal cancer
• Cancer of the back of the throat (oropharynx)
• Genital warts
𝟑. 𝐓𝐲𝐩𝐞𝐬 𝐨𝐟 𝐇𝐏𝐕 𝐯𝐚𝐜𝐜𝐢𝐧𝐞:
– Cervarix: prevents HPV type 16 and 18 which cause 66% cervical cancer.
– Gardasil: prevents HPV type 6, 11, 16 and 18 (type 6 and 11 cause genital warts)
– Gardasil 9: prevents HPV type 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52 and 58. (Gardasil 9 has not been available in Vietnam)
𝟒. 𝐖𝐡𝐨 𝐒𝐡𝐨𝐮𝐥𝐝 𝐆𝐞𝐭 𝐇𝐏𝐕 𝐕𝐚𝐜𝐜𝐢𝐧𝐞?
The ideal age for HPV vaccination of girls and boys is 11 or 12, but it can be given starting at age 9 and through age 26.
𝟓. 𝐒𝐡𝐨𝐮𝐥𝐝 𝐰𝐨𝐦𝐞𝐧 𝐛𝐞 𝐯𝐚𝐜𝐜𝐢𝐧𝐚𝐭𝐞𝐝 𝐚𝐠𝐚𝐢𝐧𝐬𝐭 𝐇𝐏𝐕 𝐚𝐟𝐭𝐞𝐫 𝟐𝟔?
Some adults age 27 through 45 years who are not already vaccinated may decide to get HPV vaccine after speaking with their doctor about their risk for new HPV infections and the possible benefits of vaccination. HPV vaccination in this age range provides less benefit, as more people have already been exposed to HPV.
𝟔. 𝐇𝐨𝐰 𝐢𝐬 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐇𝐏𝐕 𝐯𝐚𝐜𝐜𝐢𝐧𝐞 𝐠𝐢𝐯𝐞𝐧?
A 2-dose schedule is recommended for people who get the first dose before their 15th birthday. In a 2-dose series, the second dose should be given 6–12 months after the first dose (0, 6–12-month schedule).
A 3-dose schedule is recommended for people who get the first dose on or after their 15th birthday, and for people with certain immunocompromising conditions. In a 3-dose series, the second dose should be given 1–2 months after the first dose, and the third dose should be given 6 months after the first dose (0, 1–2, 6-month schedule).
Ref: CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention U.S.A
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